The various stakeholders, companies and public authorities, are aware that the success of the connected city requires a mastery of the data value chain.
This technological dream is becoming more and more precise every day thanks to the deployment of the Internet of objects (IoT), this network of objects and sensors connected to the Internet, able to communicate transparently and in real time. The city of the future and connected aims to communicate with itself, to follow and respond to the movements of its residents to automatically optimize their living conditions in real time.
This desire to take advantage of recent technological developments to simplify the life of city dwellers and ensure a more sustainable design of the city is supported in particular by the C40 – an alliancewhich aims to implement the Cop21 agreement by capitalizing in particular on the applications of the connected city. The City of Paris and NUMA are working on the #DataCity project to enable large groups collaborating with start-ups to deploy the first practical cases to meet the needs of the connected city of tomorrow. Over the last three years, there has been a growing interest in the subject, and we see that energy companies and car manufacturers are deploying PoCs (proof of concept) in data science increasingly developed around the IoT. More broadly, some leading countries are even beginning to communicate their strategic plans to address the challenges posed by IoT.
The various stakeholders, companies and public authorities, are aware that the success of the connected city requires a mastery of the data value chain. There is no doubt that there is a need to ensure data security, actionability and transparency. The success of the connected city is largely dependent on the ability of cities and states to clarify data governance while deploying powerful open data platforms to enable enterprises (start-ups and large groups) add value and develop relevant services. On the occasion of the signature of a MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) with the Open Data Alliance during the Smart City Summit in Taiwan last February, it is necessary to note this awareness in countries leading in the production of electronic and computer components (Japan, Taiwan , Korea).
Taiwan is in many respects an interesting example, as Dr. ChiMing Peng, president of the Open Data Alliance, points out: “Taipei is one of the cities in the world with the most sensors, the challenge now is to develop over the value chain via the digital economy, enabling energy and transport operators to enrich their knowledge with open data “. Taiwan aims to infuse these practices beyond the business sphere, an ambitious DIGI + plan was presented by the Minister of the digital economy Audrey Tang last December. This plan, which aims to position Taiwan as the leader of IoT, the connected city and more generally the digital economy, is based on three pillars:
- The construction of an advantageous legal framework for innovation ,
- The development of the multidisciplinarity of talent, particularly through a profound overhaul of the teaching of digital and data science,
- Advanced R & D in digital technologies with a strong tropism for open sourceand open innovation.
This plan demonstrates the extent to which the connected and intelligent city is part of broader technological and societal transformations. It seems necessary to engage multidisciplinary reflections to achieve integration of the city connected to Horizon 2030. In a near horizon, the positive evolution of data governance and open data help consolidate the overlay of intelligence AoT (Analytics of Things) from now on in practice to demonstrate the value of the first cases of use.